Piaget Level

29.06.14 / Uncategorized / Author: / Comments Off on Piaget Level
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Many times, parents and teachers try to reason with young children why they have not given a pencil to a teammate or why they have assaulted another, assuming that the child understand them exactly, but it is this so? Based on the theories and the research of the Piaget, Kohlberg studied moral reasoning development, presenting to children, adolescents and adults with series of hypothetical stories posed ethical dilemmas. To examine the responses that people gave to these dilemmas, Kohlberg found three levels of moral reasoning: the preconventional, conventional, and post-conventional, with 2 pairs at each level. The pre-convencional level in the preconventional level the subject puts the emphasis in obtaining rewards and avoid punishments. In the first phase of this level the most important value is the obedience to authority to avoid punishment for own interests but in the second phase there is a second motivation, conviction of being good with others makes others they are good with me, is more a Jack give-and-take that the first part. Children of the pre-convencional level lend toys to his companions then provide them is them also; the little ones can that not to bite down his nursery companions because their parents say that biting is wrong. The conventional level in the conventional level there is the emphasis on social norms. Thus, in the first phase of this level runs good behaviour to please others and obtain his approval while the second part makes feel the individual as part of the group which adheres to and obeys the laws laid down by the society.

Children who are this level are not cheating because they know that if they do them, their peers will not allow more play with them. On the other hand, the elderly can not to do traps so peers themselves can say. Finally, in the post-conventional level post-convencional level the emphasis is on moral principles. So phase one where reigns the concept of the contract gives social according to which must respect the rules of society because they exist in everyone’s benefit and are established by mutual agreement. And finally the second phase is that prevailing universal ethical principles that determine good and evil are products of the reflections of each individual and which can come into conflict for example: with the principles of the society.

Those found at this stage, don’t lie because they know the repercussions that has the lie, for which both lie for which is lied. According to Kohlberg people ascend the stages of moral hierarchy as they mature, although the process is slow. In fact I thought that most of the children of 10 years (primary Ed) do not reason beyond phase 3 and that many adults do not reach the phase 5 and 6.


28.06.14 / Uncategorized / Author: / Comments Off on Sakhalin
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In Africa, was allowed to shoot elephants, on Sakhalin Island – Bears In South Africa, from May 1 lifted a moratorium on shooting elephants, which operated for 13 years. As claimed by supporters of the measure, during which time the number of elephants has more than doubled, from eight to 18 thousand, and now the elephants destroy crops, destroy buildings, spread the infection among cattle, because the fence corrals can not stop them. However, according to the order of the government, the killing of animals should be considered only as a last resort when regulation of their numbers. In South Africa shooting elephants is done with helicopters, one shot in the head, killing once the entire family group apart from other animals. Meanwhile, animal rights groups sharply criticized decision to abolish the moratorium and the proposed method is compared with the genocide.

They intend to sue, and to convince tourists not to travel to the country and fans – from going to the World Cup football since 2010, which will be held in South Africa. And on May 1 Sakhalin opened spring hunting season for brown bear. Results in the Sakhalin region during the spring hunting is allowed to get 30 individuals bear. Hunting will last for months. The license price that allows shooting of a bear – 3000 rubles. On Sakhalin, to date there are about 3.2 thousand bears, their age limit – 27-30 years. Last year, four registered in Sakhalin attacks of bears on people, including two deaths.

How Hard A Duel

20.06.14 / Uncategorized / Author: / Comments Off on How Hard A Duel

Since receiving the news of the death of a loved until it assimilates and accepts, last time, all persons affected by the death of a person next go through different phases; they are stages of grief. It must pass and overcome different moments of pain, although not always stages occur in the same order. In any case, and although a disease we have made become aware gradually loss, most psychologists estimate that until there is actual death, it is very difficult to begin the experience of mourning. Phases of the duel 1. Bewilderment and disbelief is the first reaction to the news: this is not happening to my. It is the denial of reality, a departure from the fact to try to alleviate the effects of the event. 2 Deep sadness and aggressiveness are produced reactions of anger and discontent, even to those who surround them, anguished by being the protagonist of a disgrace. 3 Despair and depression with apathy, sadness and fragility, us we are making to the idea of a loss irreversible.

It is the silent resignation. 4 Acceptance and peace will be reappearing the need to focus on daily activities, be open to social relations. However, never returns to the State prior to the loss. Duration of the duel all losses require this process, that has a duration ranging between 6 months and 2 years, approximately, depending on several factors: the degree or importance of the relationship. Social support. A person who has friends or relatives who want him and understand him, with those who feel supported and understood, will be more easily to cushion the pain. Personality. There are people who feel things, both the joys and the sorrows in a very intense way, while others have greater containment.

In the same way, there are those who have greater ease to deepen ongoing catastrophic thoughts, deeper into the spiral of pain. Confidence and self-esteem. A high level of self-esteem or confidence will help us to not have self-destructive thoughts or of catastrophic events. Of the way to deal with problems. Many people are able to assess the situation and find emotional support.

Educational Tasks

10.06.14 / Uncategorized / Author: / Comments Off on Educational Tasks

Why the importance of happiness in the educational task? and what is the holistic education? They are two forced questions that lead us to two terms that for years have been divorced when suddenly we associate happiness with education. From 17 years of experience as a founder, teacher and Director of a school of basic education, can say that happiness is part of the essence of any human being, naturally exteriorizada in childhood, and therefore essential within education educate, etymological root means to make exit, extract, giving birth, driving from the inside out. Regarding the term happiness according to the Real Academia Espanola, is the State of mind that is happy in the possession of a good, Marias (1988), adds that a verb that expresses happiness, to express it as action there is, will always be accompanied by adjectives or verbs be or have. Have we placed in the Centre of philosophy materialist as pointed out by Dr. Ramon Gallegos Nava, we routed towards a philosophy of the term, which in three centuries has led students to hedonism, the loss of meaning, attachments and dissatisfaction and therefore suffering, i.e. a culture based on the accumulation of finite goods. With regard to be definitions of happiness and education have in common that both speak of the interiority of human beings: happiness, alludes to the being and the term education speaks of extract from the inside outward, what leads to suppose that this interiority is involved naturally in education and happiness, although this has not always been so considered. Our educational history is full of abuse toward children, it is a very current topic as publications on maltreatment child but also very old, we can go back to times of the Egyptians or Hebrews and their teaching of writing (considered how infuriating) through coups and cudgels; or the same Greeks base of our culture, although the end of education identified through virtue, with happiness not linking the two aspects in educational practice.